Author(s) will need to write abstract briefly and clearly the main aims and findings/conclusions of the work; it should provide the reader a clear idea of what has been achieved. The length of the abstract should be within 150-250 words.


Any word or words to be abbreviated should be written in full when first mentioned followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.


All illustrations of any kind should be submitted as sequentially numbered figures, illustrations should  be inserted in the main body of the text.

Tables and Supplementary Material

Data must be kept to a minimum. Tables should be numbered and headed with short titles. As with illustrations, they should insert in the main manuscript text.


Journal Article
Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. 1993. The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45(2), 10-36.
Baharumshah. Z. and D. Borsic, 2008. Purchasing power parity in central and eastern european. Economics Bulletin 6(32): 1-8.

Advance online article 
Jung, T. I., Hoffmann, F., Glaeske, G., & Felsenberg, D. 2009. Disease-specific risk for an osteonecrosis of the jaw under bisphosphonate therapy. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. Advance online publication.

Books & Reports 
Electronic version of print book, retrieved from  PAS eBook Collection
Vogel, C. G. 1999. Legends of landforms: Native American lore and the geology of the land [PAS Reader version]. Retrieved from

Electronic version of book chapter from an edited book 
Symonds, P. M. 1958. Human drives. In C. L. Stacey & M. DeMartino (Eds.), Understanding human motivation (pp. 11-22). doi:10.1037/11305-002

Report/Document available on the web, authored by individual(s)–not agency, has publication date & report number 
Russo, C. A., & Jiang, H. J. 2006. Hospital stays among patients with diabetes, 2004 (Statistical Brief No. 17). Retrieved from Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality website:

Books, retrieved print source 
Book, one author
McKibben, B. 1992. The age of missing information. New York, NY: Random House.

Book, multiple authors
Larson, G. W., Ellis, D. C., & Rivers, P. C. 1984. Essentials of chemical dependency counseling. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Edited book (editor in place of author)
Inness, S. A. (Ed.). 1998. Delinquents and debutantes: Twentieth-century American girls’ cultures. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Book, subsequent edition (2nd, 3rd, etc.)
Stanfield, P., Cross, N., & Hui, Y. H. 2012. Introduction to the health professions (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Article or chapter in a book where each chapter is written by a Contributor, and book has authors (not editors), subsequent edition 
Landis, C. A., & Heitkemper, M. M. 2011. Sleep and sleep disorders. In S. L. Lewis, S. R. Dirksen, M. M. Heitkemper, L. Bucher, & I. M. Camera, Medical-surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (8th ed., pp. 112-125). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Article or chapter a book where each chapter is written by author(s), and publisher is book author (not editor), subsequent edition
Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. 2007. The five practices of exemplary leadership. In Jossey-Bass, The Jossey-Bass reader on educational leadership (2nd ed., rev. ed., pp. 63-72). San Francisco, CA: Author.

Report from a private organization (author & publisher same) 
National League for Nursing. 1990. Self-study report for community health organizations (Pub. No. 21-2329). New York, NY: Author.

Dissertations & Theses 
Smith-LaBrash, S. 2010. Influence of learning styles, gender, self-rated computer experience, and age on preference for computer assisted learning versus traditional learning (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. (UMI No. 1483122)

Naylor, S. M. 2007. Understanding graduate student constructs for finding meaning in the advising experience: A qualitative case study of incoming master’s of social work students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Conferences & Presentations, retrieved online source 
Paper in proceedings published regularly
Rissman, J., Greely, H. T., & Wagner, A. D. 2010. Detecting individual memories through the neural decoding of memory states and past experience. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107, 9849-9854. doi:10.1073/pnas.1001028107

Paper in proceedings published regularly, more than seven authors 
Brem, S., Bach, S., Kucian, K., Guttorm, T. K., Martin, E., Lyytinen, H., … Richardson, U. 2010. Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107, 7939-7944. doi:10.1073/pnas.0904402107


These should be numbered consecutively in the text.


At the end of paper